Using LXD with a file-based ZFS pool on Ubuntu Wily

Dean Henrichsmeyer

Dean Henrichsmeyer

on 6 November 2015

Tags: LXD, wily, zfs

lxd

Ubuntu 15.10 (Wily) comes natively with some technology previously only available in PPAs. LXD is a container hypervisor that enables and facilitates extensive and powerful management of LXC containers. It’s great for dense deployments, development environments, and specifically workloads that need to be as performant as possible… ones where you don’t want the overhead of heavy virtualization.

At any rate, I wanted to play with both ZFS and LXD on my laptop that has only one disk so I thought I’d share the quick set of instructions I used. Thanks to the LXD team at Canonical for their pointers.

First, install the ZFS utilities

sudo apt install zfsutils-linux

If the ZFS module isn’t loaded automatically, you can load it with:

sudo modprobe zfs

Then create a file that you’ll use to back the zpool. It’s important to note here that if you use eCryptfs (FDE is your friend), you can’t use sparse files (enjoy your encrypted zeros) so this will take a long time. Anyway, to create a sparse file that can grow to 100GB, use something like:

truncate -s 100G filename.img

Then you create a zpool using that file with:

sudo zpool create nameofzpool /absolute/path/to/filename.img

When you’re finished you should be able to type ‘sudo zpool list’ and see something like

NAME SIZE ALLOC FREE EXPANDSZ FRAG CAP DEDUP HEALTH ALTROOT
pool 99.5G 2.83G 96.7G - 1% 2% 1.00x ONLINE -

Next you need to tell LXD to use that for its storage. You do that with:

lxc config set storage.zfs_pool_name nameofzpool

As of right now, those zpools are not automatically added at boot so you’ll want to place something like the example below in rc.local or your initialization location of choice. The path should be to the location of where you stored the filename.img.

zpool import -d /path/to/directory/ -a

Ideally you would have a separate device to create your zpool on. In the absence of that, at least you can exercise LXD and ZFS on a single disk to see how things work. Enjoy the speed and power of LXD.

Ubuntu cloud

Ubuntu offers all the training, software infrastructure, tools, services and support you need for your public and private clouds.

Sign up for email updates

Choose the topics you're interested in

 

Related posts

LXD Clusters: A Primer

Since its inception, LXD has been striving to offer a fresh and intuitive user experience for machine containers. LXD instances can be managed over the network through a REST API and a single command line tool. For large scale LXD…

LXD weekly status #44

Introduction Another week of bugfixes for us as more and more people update to the 3.0 releases! Quite a bit of work went into improving the handling of the two database in LXD 3.0, making it easier for us to debug issues and provide fixes…

LXD weekly status #43

Introduction This week’s focus was on bugfixes with a good number of clustering related fixes and improvements as well as some tweaks and fixes to other recently added features. On the feature development front, the current focus is on…